This study evaluated private sector participation and access to university education in Nigeria. The study also examined the extent to which these private universities have solved the problem of unsatisfied demand that characterised university education in Nigeria. Descriptive research design (ex-post facto type) was adopted in the study. The population of the study consisted all the 34 private and 59 public universities in Nigeria as at August, 2008. All the candidates that applied for admission into the Nigerian universities (both public and private) and all those admitted between 1998/99 through 2005/2006 were also considered in the study. The sample of the study consisted 20 academic staff each from 4 universities (2 public and 2 private) in southwestern Nigeria. The institutions and the academic staff were randomly selected. Also, 10 officials each from the National Universities Commission (NUC), Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) and National Manpower Board (NMB) (30 altogether) were selected randomly. Director and Deputy Director of Academic Planning Office in each of the four selected universities were also involved. A set of instrument titled: “ Private Sector Participation and Access to University Education Questionnaire” (PSPAUEQ) was developed to obtain relevant data for the study. This was supported with hard data obtained from secondary sources: Annual Abstract of Statistics, JAMB Annual Reports and NUC’s Publications. The variables considered in the PSPAUEQ are private universities, public universities, private sector participation, access to university education and evaluation. Test-retest reliability co-efficient of 89.4% was obtained for the instrument. The data collected were analysed using simple percentages and presented in tables. The results of the study revealed that even though, private universities have increased tremendously and in an unprecedented manner, yet, they have not been able to cope with the demand for university education in Nigeria. The need for government to provide support for the applicants and the respective universities to further widen the access which they were established to create and make them much more viable and affordable was advocated for so as to reduce the unsatisfied demand in the country.
|Keywords:||Private Universities, Public Universities, Private Sector Participation, Access to University Education and Evaluation|
Lecturer and Researcher, Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun, Nigeria
Principal Lecturer, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Nigeria
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