Expectations for the higher education system are increasing. Many Asian countries, including India, has lately realized that expenditure on education is necessary to build capabilities of its people for sustainable economic development. Despite the progress achieved, challenges on various fronts such as inequalities and disparities in access to higher education still persist. Quality, excellence, governance and relevant education need to be managed. The present paper attempts to make comparative analysis of higher education systems affecting issues of access and equity. Causes of national and global inequality in the higher education have been mooted out in this paper. Approaches and strategies to minimize these problems of access and inequalities and enhance the quality and excellence of the H.E. system is its theme. Expansion with inclusiveness and equal access of education among unequals with particular reference to India has been highlighted. Academic and administrative reforms of universities and colleges by providing relevant education is the need of the hour to set the agenda for bringing the change. Provisions for infrastructural facilities and faculty development schemes have been discussed. Financial allocations for meeting the approaches and strategies further demands the responsive and dynamic leadership to be provided to the universities and colleges. There are overdue reforms to be brought in the system of affiliation, governance, administrative and academic structures. Application of new technologies need to be used diligently to make H.E. more innovative. The need of the hour is scientific and holistic management of the higher education system. The purpose and quality of higher education needs coordination. Graduate skills have to be better aligned to the needs of the employment market. Higher education today needs a systematic changed framework that will facilitate India to globalize and make its way to the next phase of growth and development.
|Keywords:||Disparities, Governance, Affiliation, Quality and Excellence, Application of Technologies, Private Public Partnership (PPP), Inequalities, Inter Group Disparities, Approaches and Strategies|
Associate Professor & Principal, Delhi College of Arts & Commerce, University of Delhi, New Delhi, New Delhi, India
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