Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills in Blended Learning in Africa: The Ethiopian Experience

By Teklu Abate Bekele and Michael Paul Menchaca.

Published by Journal of the World Universities Forum

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study examined the effects of blended learning on critical thinking (CT) and problem solving (PS) skills and motivation. Out of 157 psychology majors, 72 were randomly chosen and assigned to either an experimental (EG) or a control group (CG). The former attended to blended learning while the latter experienced the course traditionally for one semester. The hypotheses were: (a) the EG would think more critically and in a problem solving manner compared to the CG and (b) the EG would be more intrinsically motivated to learn and would ascribe more value to course activities and contents than the CG. Data were collected through examination questions and the Motivated Strategies Learning Questionnaire. Results indicated that both groups performed equally on CT and PS tasks. In contrast, the EG students were more significantly intrinsically motivated and ascribed more significant value to course activities and contents than the CG. Implications were discussed.

Keywords: Blended Learning, Critical Thinking, Internet-supported Learning, Motivation, Problem Solving

Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.105-128. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1015.467KB).

Dr. Teklu Abate Bekele

Research Fellow, Institute for Educational Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Oslo, Norway

I am researching the impacts on cognition and metacognition of Internet-supported learning environments (ISLE)in higher education. Am also trying to uplift a model of success in ISLE that I have developed into a comprehensive theory of learning using technologies. Lifelong and flexible learning are also my other interest areas.

Dr. Michael Paul Menchaca

Associate Professor, Department of Educational Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

I am an associate professor in the University of Hawaii’s Department of Educational Technology. I direct the online master in Educational Technology program. I conduct research on online learning, social justice with technology, and integrating technology into teaching and learning.


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