Analyzing the Effects of Globalization on University Systems in the Developing World: A Conceptual Framework Applied to the Case of the Republic of Panama

By Nanette Svenson.

Published by Journal of the World Universities Forum

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Over the past two decades, global forces have had significant impact on the university systems of the developing world with regard to (1) the university regulatory environment, through multilateral and bilateral conventions and interventions, and (2) the program offer, through the increasing presence of transnational higher education corporations and a variety of individual foreign university programs. At international and national levels, there are the simultaneous influences of political, regulation oriented forces and economic, market driven forces affecting the evolution of university systems. These influence both the national vision being created for university education and the business opportunity associated with it. The framework presented in this paper helps organize and examine the different components of these economic and political forces and facilitates the analysis of these forces on a specific university system in a given country. The Republic of Panama is used as an example for the application of the model to a developing country case study.

Keywords: Higher Education, University Systems, Developing Countries, Globalization

Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.75-90. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 739.949KB).

Dr. Nanette Svenson

Consultant, International Development, Catholic University, Panama City, Panama

Nanette Archer Svenson was born and raised in California and has lived and worked for the past 20 years in Tokyo, Barcelona and Panama. She has experience in the private sector, international development and academia, and currently works as a consultant for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and various Panamanian public and private entities. She received a BA from Stanford University, an MBA from IESE in Barcelona, and an MS and PhD in International Development from Tulane University. She has teaching and research experience, most recently with Panama’s Catholic University (USMA), the Panamanian Secretariat for Science, Technology and Innovation (SENACYT) and the universities of Tulane and UC Berkeley. She helped found and head Pro Artesana, the leading NGO for Panamanian artisan capacity development and is a member of Panama’s FUDESPA, a private foundation for national economic and social development. Nanette lives in Panama with her husband and two daughters.


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