Universities: An Endangered Species?
This paper spells out the idea of a university, as defined in the ancient and medieval periods and traces its historical evolution. Universities are classified into five generations. After quickly reviewing the growth of five generations of universities, starting from the ancient period to those of the new millennium, it offers an extensive comment on the universities of the present generation. It is observed that the universities of the fourth and the fifth generations that belong to the 20th and 21st centuries have drastically changed the very concept, definition, nature, mission and functioning and almost every aspect of universities. The need to recover the idea of the university is highlighted.
||Ancient Universities, Conventional Universities Entrepreneurial Universities Globalisation, History of Universities, Humboldt University, Idea of University, Medieval Period, Modern Universities, Multi-faculty Universities Neo-liberalism, Private Universities Singe-faculty Universities
Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp.109-128.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.791MB).
Professor of Educational Finance, National University of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi, New Delhi, India
Professor at the National University of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi (India), Dr Tilak is an economist of education. He had taught in the Indian Institute of Education and the University of Delhi, and as a Visiting Professor in the University of Virginia, Hiroshima University, and the Sri Sathya Sai University, besides lecturing at various Indian and foreign universities. Dr Tilak was also on the research staff of the World Bank, Washington D.C. His publications include ten books and more than 250 research papers published in professional journals. He is the recipient of Swami Pranavananda Saraswati national award of the UGC for outstanding research in education, and Dr Malcolm Adiseshiah award for distinguished contributions to development studies. Editor of the Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, he is on the editorial board of several professional journals in education and development studies. Prof Tilak is also a life member of the Indian Economic Association, the Indian Econometric Society, and Vice-President of the Comparative Education Society of India. Among many honours, he had a privilege of delivering a keynote address to a meeting of the Noble laureates in Barcelona in 2005.Contact Address: National University of Educational Planning and Administration, 17-B Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi 110016, India.
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