Brainstorming as a Tool for Self-awareness in Design Education

By Selay Yurtkuran, Yavuz Taneli and Ian Kaplan.

Published by Journal of the World Universities Forum

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The design process involves creativity. A critical concern in design education is to increase the creativity of the participants, in this case, architecture students. Basic Design is one of the first courses where creative input is required from design students. Incoming undergraduate design students have no background of creative processes, which creates a problem largely stemming from the fact that the Turkish educational system prior to University years is heavily focused on multiple-choice exams and how to score well on these. To overcome issues resulting from this ill-conceived educational approach, many creativity techniques such as, brainstorming, body-storming, free-writing, creative drama, image streaming and role playing are studied and applied in basic design education at the Department of Architecture, Uludag University. In this study, the main objective was to determine the effectiveness of brainstorming as a creativity technique and whether working in groups or on an individual basis provides more beneficial results. Study participants were first-year Basic Design students from the same department. Two varied but essentially similar design problems were given to the participants. Individual and group-passing brainstorming methods were compared. Results of the study indicate that being aware of and using brainstorming as a creativity technique enhances problem-solving skills that are required in design education. This paper draws on the results of the study to compare ‘individual brainstorming’ and ‘group-passing’ methods and the opportunities and challenges of these methods are discussed in detail.

Keywords: Architectural Education, Basic Design, Creativity, Brainstorming

Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.53-62. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 720.914KB).

Dr. Selay Yurtkuran

Lecturer, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey

Selay Yurtkuran Tok has graduated from Yildiz Technical University, Faculty of Architecture in the year of 1999, Istanbul. She has graduated from the Graphic Design Program of International Academy of Design and Technology in the year of 2001, Chicago. She has been a lecturer at the Department of Architecture, Uludag University since, 2002. She had her Masters of Architecture degree in the year of 2005 and her Masters of Philosophy Degree in 2009. She is a PhD student at the same university studing about Theory of Building Science. She is working on Design Education Principles and Methods, Ergonomics in Architecture and Social Networks in the Built Environment.

Dr. Yavuz Taneli

Assistant Professor Dr., Department of Architecture, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey

Dr. Yavuz Taneli is a registered architect and an environment-behavior researcher with a focus on environments for the elderly. He holds undergraduate and master’s degrees in Architecture from Mimar Sinan University in Istanbul-Turkey and a Ph.D. in Architecture from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA. Dr. Taneli is currently an Assistant Professor at Uludag University in Bursa-Turkey, and is the managing principal and lead consultant at Taneli Architecture and Design LLC, based in the Uludag University’s Research and Development Center.

Ian Kaplan

PhD candidate, Carnegie Faculty of Sport and Education, Leeds Met University, Leeds, Yorkshire, UK

Ian Kaplan is a Ph.D. candidate at Leeds Met University researching the politics and practice of indigenous teacher education in the context of ethnic conflict in Burma. He has been working as a qualitative educational researcher and lecturer in education with a focus on social and educational inclusion, marginalization and participatory research methods.


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