African Phenomenology: A Methodology for Research in Developing Countries

By Olusegun Oluwole.

Published by Journal of the World Universities Forum

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper connects with understanding knowledge, as the basis for formulating a research methodology. It aims to understand the applicability of African phenomenology as an academic knowledge to real life experiences in developing countries. This paper would interpret that methodology should manifest the interest that lies in the research question and more importantly the goal it would like to fulfil. African phenomenology as a concept was discovered from the author’s research on issues on urban housing crisis in Lagos, Nigeria. This Lagos case exemplifies an African urban housing crisis situation. Kamalu (1990) argued that African philosophy possesses a strong internal system that makes it culturally independent. This implies that African philosophy can be considered as regards fundamental issues that affects the lived experience in a community. Similarly, Moran (2002) stressed that Phenomenology examines the structure of consciousness from within as well as complex conception of the nature of the historical and cultural elements of the human experience. These suggest that phenomenology has the capacity to liberate the internal attributes of African philosophy. In context of author’s work, African philosophy and phenomenology as a philosophy, possess the same characteristics as a framework underpinning a research process. As a result, this paper through a discussion of the PhD research into urban housing crisis establishes the fusion between African philosophy and phenomenology. This paper aims to express the similarities by identifying the characteristics they both possess. It proceeds to understand culture as a basic element which relates to African phenomenology. This paper also suggests that African phenomenology can be developed into a methodology that can be used to tackle research that relates specifically to the developing world issues. This is depicted in the author’s investigation into the urban housing crisis in Lagos Nigeria and further elaborated in the paper.

Keywords: African Phenomenology, African Philosophy, Culture, Urban Housing, Phenomenology, Methodology

Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.63-72. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.944MB).

Dr Olusegun Oluwole

Phd Candidate and Part-time Lecturer, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, UK

My research explores sustainability through cultural aspects of the built environment. It also looks at the social, political, environmental and other factors influencing the urban housing crisis in developing countries. My background is in architecture and I am a member of Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA). I lecture as a part-time lecturer at Nottingham Trent University. I am interested in teaching methods which blend academic fun with learning to enhance the students’ learning process. I also intend to push my research as tool that can be used to minimise the effect of housing crisis in developing countries.

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