Evidence-Based Practice in Higher Education: Discussing its Value to Enhance Teaching and Learning

By Rui Goncalves, Ana Vitória Baptista, Catarina Lobao and António Melo.

Published by Journal of the World Universities Forum

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Nowadays, we observe that Academia is focusing a great importance on research in general and evidence-based practice (EBP) in particular. In fact, multidisciplinary, transdisciplinary and cross-cutting approaches within research are being increasingly emphasised. This knowledge and process may have a great relevance to improve several activities, namely the teaching and learning process in Higher Education (HE). In this paper, we assume that EBP may be defined as the use of conscious and explicit scientific evidence which will increase the efficiency and quality of the teaching and learning process at HE institutions. Even though there are several studies that prove the importance and success of this interactive pedagogical experience, they also point out the existence of several barriers within some scientific domains that make the implementation of this strategy somewhat difficult. Thus, we will reflect on some aspects mentioned in the literature regarding the implementation of EBP with the ultimate goal of better understanding the impact it may bring to teaching and learning in HE. In particular, we will reflect about the importance and impact this strategy has in what regards the promotion of students’ generic skills and competences. Along this paper we will emphasise the importance that research in general and EBP in particular may have in the development and enhancement of teaching and learning process.

Keywords: Higher Education, Teaching and Learning, Evidence-Based Practice

Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp.11-20. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 762.739KB).

Prof. Rui Goncalves

Teacher and PhD Student and Researcher, Nursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Rui Filipe Lopes Gonçalves has a degree in Nursing, Post-graduate in Medical-Surgical Nursing and Master in Addiction and Psychosocial Pathologies. He is nursing teacher at Nursing School of Coimbra (Portugal) and researcher at the Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing Domain (UICISA-dE) and researcher at the Research Centre for Didactics and Technology in Teacher Education. Currently is a Ph.D. student at the Laboratory for the Evaluation of Educational Quality in Higher Education (Research Centre for Didactics and Technology in Teacher Education) at the University of Aveiro, Portugal. His Ph.D. in Didactics is about the nursing teachers’ conceptions of assessment in practicum, one of the main research interests at the moment. Among others, his interests include new teaching and learning approaches and linking teaching and research in nursing teaching.

Dr Ana Vitória Baptista

Ph.D Student and Researcher, Department of Education, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal

Ana Vitória Baptista has a Master in Education about non-traditional adult students at the University. Currently she is a PhD student at the Laboratory for the Evaluation of Educational Quality in Higher Education (Research Centre for Didactics and Technology in Teacher Education) at the University of Aveiro, Portugal. Her PhD in Education is about the quality evaluation of postgraduate research supervision in Portuguese Higher Education, one of the main research interests. Among others, her interests are focused on Higher Education issues, particularly on new teaching and learning approaches, linking teaching and research, non-traditional publics, quality assessment and assurance, teachers and research supervisors professional development.

Prof. Catarina Lobao

Teacher and PhD Student and Researcher, School of Health Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Leiria, Portugal

Catarina Alexandra Rodrigues Faria Lobão has a degree in Nursing, Post-graduate in Medical-Surgical Nursing and Master in Family and Social Systems and currently is a Ph.D. student at the University of Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain). She is nursing teacher at School of Health Sciences in Polytechnic Institute of Leiria (Portugal) and researcher at the Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing Domain (UICISA-dE) hosted in Nursing School of Coimbra (Portugal). Her Ph.D. in Psychology is about the impact of celiac disease on quality of life of adult celiac person, one of the main research interests at the moment. Among others, her interests include new teaching and learning approaches in nursing teaching.

António Melo

Director and Teacher of the School of Tourism and PhD Student, School of Tourism, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda, Seia, Seia, Portugal


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