Merits of the Carnegie Classification Framework for Benchmarking the Performance of Universities in the South

By Sujata N. Gamage and Il-Haam Petersen.

Published by Journal of the World Universities Forum

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Universities in the South are exhorted to play an active role in the innovation system in those countries but very little attention is paid to different roles played by different types of universities. A survey of existing classification systems for higher education in the North and the South shows that it is difficult to classify higher education institutions, but a time-tested classification such as the Carnegie Basic Classification can be used as a starting point for cross-country comparisons. Arguing that benchmarking is more appropriate for the performance evaluation of higher education institutions in the developing world, we use the Carnegie Basic Classification to benchmark the performance of the public higher education system in South Africa against that of US to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. The necessity of developing an internet-based interface for benchmarking the performance of higher education institutions in the southern hemisphere, similar to the one provided by the Carnegie Foundation for the higher education sector in the US is discussed.

Keywords: Classification of Universities, Benchmarking, Carnegie

Journal of the World Universities Forum, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.73-88. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 299.661KB).

Dr. Sujata N. Gamage

Scientist, Knowledge to Innovation Program, LIRNEasia, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Sujata Gamage is a scientist who specializes in knowledge management. She heads the Knowledge to Innovation project at LIRNEasia. Her current research is on knowledge management in local government in Sri Lanka; she explores means of connecting these institutions for better performance. She also studies the role of universities in developing countries, assessing their capacity and experimenting within creative ways of connecting them to the development processes. Sujata holds a PhD in Chemistry from the University of British Columbia, Canada, and a Master’s in Public Administration from the Ohio State University, USA.

Il-Haam Petersen

Research Intern, Knowledge to Innovation Program, LIRNEasia, Sri Lanka


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