Universities in the South are exhorted to play an active role in the innovation system in those countries but very little attention is paid to different roles played by different types of universities. A survey of existing classification systems for higher education in the North and the South shows that it is difficult to classify higher education institutions, but a time-tested classification such as the Carnegie Basic Classification can be used as a starting point for cross-country comparisons. Arguing that benchmarking is more appropriate for the performance evaluation of higher education institutions in the developing world, we use the Carnegie Basic Classification to benchmark the performance of the public higher education system in South Africa against that of US to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. The necessity of developing an internet-based interface for benchmarking the performance of higher education institutions in the southern hemisphere, similar to the one provided by the Carnegie Foundation for the higher education sector in the US is discussed.
|Keywords:||Classification of Universities, Benchmarking, Carnegie|
Scientist, Knowledge to Innovation Program, LIRNEasia, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Research Intern, Knowledge to Innovation Program, LIRNEasia, Sri Lanka
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